Cars that flooded the streets of cities are perceived as an everyday occurrence - budget models, exclusive models, old and new modifications. But they are all going from the factories, about which the average man knows almost nothing. Although there are many interesting facts about places where cars are created. Many of them are unusual, and some are even shocking.
1. At the Ferrari factory in Maranello take care of the microclimate
A well-known automaker decided to pursue an advanced environmental policy. So, green appeared on the plant that clean the air and heal the microclimate. In addition, workers receive an effective relaxation tool in the form of green spaces.
Plants are located directly on the floor in the shops. Oases in industrial premises are created by arranging trees and shrubs planted in pots of different sizes. Every employee can come here to recharge with positive energy from plants. The company management believes that such a solution helps to create perfect cars.
2. Lamborghini engines assembled 100% by hand
No one will deny that this brand is associated with the highest technical characteristics, which sometimes seem transcendent. However, few people know that "space" cars are assembled by hand. Plant employees are constantly trained. Expanding horizons and knowledge is encouraged by management.
When an employee has studied the intricacies of production well enough, it can become a test pilot. This plant is unlike most others that use automated car assembly technology.
3. There are no two identical automobile plants
Assembly shops have a diverse layout and design. So, the company Wiessmann made an extension in the form of a gecko, Morgan is located in old red brick buildings located in the city center.
Factories are distinguished by technologies used for the assembly of vehicles, as well as tactics used in working with personnel. Ford prefers to combine conveyor performance with the coordinated actions of specialists. Bugatti divides production into sections for which workers are assigned to assemble certain components and assemblies.
4. The largest automobile production on the planet is in Wolfsburg
The largest automobile plant in the world is located in the German city of Wolfsburg and belongs to the Volkswagen concern. Its area is 4924 square kilometers. It gathers 3800 cars a day. This means that this plant, with daily work, is capable of producing about 1,300,000 cars a year.
The company was opened in 1945, since then it has been producing machinery and spare parts. It even extrudes sheet metal, paints finished cars and conducts two-hour tours on weekdays. The plant really has no equal in all respects, so it is difficult to compete with such impressive power.
5. Each plant has tracks for test runs
Without a testing ground, automobile enterprises cannot be considered full-fledged, so almost all manufacturers build such routes. But some brands use non-standard solutions. For example, Koenigsegg assembly facilities are located in an aircraft hangar. Not far from it is the runway, which is used for test races.
At Fiat Lingotto, the test track was built on the roof. But these days it is no longer used for production purposes - an unusual building turned into a museum. For a small fee, anyone can climb the roof of the workshop and see where Fiat tested new cars.
6. Mazda plant in Hiroshima suffered an atomic bombing
At the end of World War II, the United States dropped one of its atomic bombs on the city of Hiroshima. The Mazda factory was located here, and the explosion occurred just three kilometers from it. But the mountain saved the enterprise from complete destruction.
It took only 4 months to restore production. After the start of work, the plant helped rebuild the city after the bombing. It works today, everyone who wishes can visit the plant, which was stable during the atomic bomb explosion, as part of the excursion program.
7. Accidents often occur in automobile plants
Workers at assembly plants regularly lose their health and ability to work. Often injured are specialists involved in complex operations that do not use automation and mechanical means. Injuries among low-skilled workers are also not uncommon.
Companies often practically do not train employees before being allowed to perform duties. However, many brands care about providing first aid to injured employees. For example, Tesla uses Lyft to deliver injured workers to the hospital. This is done not only to speed up the process, but also to save on the cost of ambulance services.
8. Different working conditions
Manufacturers create different conditions for staff. Some work only on weekdays, at a well-defined time, others force staff to work overtime under the threat of dismissal. Thus, Tesla is known for bringing employees to exhaustion and illness, forcing them to work day and night. Therefore, before you get a job at a car factory, you should find out how management relates to personnel.
9. Volkswagen repels birds at the factory
The Volkswagen plant in Wolfsburg has a glass building that holds a lot of cars. The only difficulty is that the birds crash into transparent windows, causing a lot of problems.
To solve this inconvenience, the plant management installed loudspeakers around the building that scare away birds. Some birds still crash into the glazing, but in general the problem is solved.
10. Ford kept track of its employees
Henry Ford had a dream - he wanted all of his employees, whom he paid very well, to become model citizens. This led to the creation of Ford's Department of Sociology, which included more than 200 investigators. They checked every aspect of the employee’s life, monitored whether the employee was using drugs or alcohol, and came home to see if the housing was clean.
This seems like madness, but there were many who wanted to go through such trials for money. So, for some time Henry Ford managed the lives of company employees, making them law-abiding citizens. But the program was soon phased out due to the high costs of its implementation.
Fashion Grand Tour for your fun time
The translation is made by me, the information is taken from the Internet resource