Clone Trooper - 1998 Proton Putra WRC Prototype
A hidden hitman lost in time
In 1987, Group A had taken over as the World Rally Championship's top category after the bonkers Group B had spiraled out of control. Seeking forego the insanely fast rally specials that had come to dominate the sport, the Federation Internationale du Sport Automobile chose to revert to a formula much closer to road legal specification. As a result, the Group A machines were subject to very strict homologation requirements.
This for instance meant that any aerodynamic improvement seen on the rally version had to be fitted to the road legal vehicle as well. By 1997 most manufacturers had had enough of this expensive way of handling things, and the FIA switched over to the more liberal World Rally Car specification.
Group A put a great deal of limitations on rally cars.
Now manufacturers weren't troubled with overly complicated homologation regulations, which allowed them to freely make more purpose-built machines. With WRC they were free to stretch any 4-cylinder engine to 2.0L, add a turbo with an anti-lag system and fit a sequential gearbox.
Aerodynamic aids could be implemented more freely, allowing for massive spoilers and wide wheel arches. The car could be strengthened for added rigidity, and had to weigh a minimum of 1230 kg (2711 lbs).
Under WRC, rally cars became more specialized again.
With the liberalization of the rules in 1997, building and racing a top level car in WRC had gotten a lot easier and a damn side cheaper. This was of course good news to the major manufacturers already involved, but even better for potential newcomers. The decreased cost had made the threshold much lower for companies with smaller wallets.
The Wira put Proton on the map.
One such potential newcomer was Malaysian car company Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional (National Automobile Company). Proton had been established by the Malaysian government in 1983. Through a badge engineering deal with Mitsubishi Motors, the Proton Saga became the first ever Malaysian car design.
In 1993 the company struck gold by introducing the Wira, a restyled version of the 1992 Mitsubishi Lancer. In 1995 the Wira gained a companion in the form of the Putra, a coupe version. The new car was the first step in an attempt to cultivate a sporty image for the brand which was normally associated with boring economy cars.
The sporty Putra was supposed to elevate the brand.
Proton's second step was taking up the dark art of motorsport. Modified versions of the Saga, Wira sedan and the Satria hatchback did their rounds in the national rally championship quite successfully under the banner of Petronas EON Rally Team.
But Proton wanted more. As Malaysia's only serious manufacturer, it held a confident position in the domestic market, but exporting their vehicles proved a lot tougher. The company realized that building an international image was their biggest challenge yet.
The Proton Saga kicked off the company's rally program in the '80s.
To accomplish this feat, Proton decided to enter the prestigious World Rally Championship for 1998. They were confident that the company could build its image very quickly by performing well in such a, highly publicized, international arena.
But that opportunity was also a big problem. Despite experience in lower categories like Group N, nobody at Proton really had any knowledge of the inner workings of a top level rally car. As such, they were forced to seek outside assistance to create something as advanced and complicated as a WRC machine.
The Prodrive team posing with one of the Putra WRCs.
To this end Proton contacted legendary racing specialists Prodrive, who were also tied to the championship winning Subaru team. Somehow Proton's management convinced the Brits to help them figure things out, and the search began for a viable rallying platform.
With the sporting image still in mind, the Putra was selected to defend the company's honor. Prodrive completely stripped the cutesy coupe to its bare bones, and started building it up into a savage rally racer that would annihilate the competition.
Putting their years of experience to good use, Prodrive started with the basic ingredients of a good rally special. A modified version of the Putra's 1.8L Mitsubishi 4G93T 4 cylinder engine was crammed into the engine bay.
With 300 horsepower on tap, the engine powered all four wheels through a Hewland 6-speed sequential gearbox. The chassis received a full roll cage and numerous strengthening beams coupled to an aggressive aero package.
The humble Putra received massive bulging wheel arches, a gaping front bumper, large cutouts in the bonnet/hood and a big, square rear spoiler. Prodrive's hand in its development was very obvious. From just a short distance, the Putra WRC looked eerily similar to their other creation, the Subaru Impreza WRC98.
The Putra looked like a carbon copy of Subaru's winning rally weapon.
With the design and backing of the engineers responsible for Subaru's three successive World Manufactures titles (1995, 1996, 1997), Proton and its Putra looked all set to compete at rallying's highest level.
An immediate win would probably be out of the question, but the company was sure it could run with the big boys at Ford, Toyota, Seat, Subaru and ironically their "parent" Mitsubishi. Then again, that might have been the biggest problem.
Both Putra WRCs back to back at Proton's R3 Motorsports facility.
Surprisingly Proton pulled the plug on the project before the Putra had turned a wheel in anger. All plans to race in WRC with the car were cancelled in silence.
The Putra WRC had not yet been unveiled, so Proton simply denied its existence. Prodrive adopted a similar attitude to the aborted project, and quietly continued preparing Subaru's cars without mentioning the Putra ever again.
The Proton Putra WRC was an ambitious project from an up and coming manufacturer. Malaysia's state-sponsored car company wanted to shake off its image of dull reliability. Instead they wanted to make a big impression on the world rally stage to promote the brand to a global audience. To this end they hired the greatest help they could find. Despite excellent preparation courtesy of the experts at Prodrive, Proton still called it quits.
Although Proton never explained why exactly they cancelled the Putra WRC, there are some suggestions. Prodrive's active ties to Subaru were of course slightly problematic. Supporting two competing manufacturers would always anger one of the two, as both teams would be very worried about one gaining an advantage over the other.
The fact that Proton's parent Mitsubishi was also competing for top honors was another factor that hindered the Putra. Maybe the Japanese giant was not too keen on Proton getting in their way, pressuring the Malaysians into backing down. This theory finds some support in Proton's 2002 entry in the Production class with the PERT, a rebadged Lancer Evolution VI.
On the other hand, the two prototypes could have just been technology demonstrators, halo cars showcasing what Proton was capable of. If so, Prodrive's involvement and possible conflicts of interest really didn't matter, as the Putra WRC would be nothing but showy concept car with a famous name attached to it. However, the level of detail in the car's design, and the fact there were two seem to suggest there were some serious ambitions behind the project.
Whatever was actually the case, both WRCs never saw competition, nor is there any footage or records available of testing undertaken by either Prodrive or Proton R3 Motorsports. With no attempt to use the cars even on a national level, they were left to waste away at the Proton Edar Vehicle Preparation Centre in Selangor, Malaysia, flanked by their more modern cousins.