At the beginning of the 1950s, FIAT had recovered from the devastation of the Second World War and to diversify its production the company management commissioned Dante Giacosa to build a new sports car.
Thus the 8V was born, a coupe designed by Luigi Fabio Rapi which was based on a tubular steel frame and was equipped with suspensions with independent wheel layout.
Assembled by the Sezione Carrozzerie Speciali of the Turin-based company in order not to interfere with the construction of other mass-produced cars, the 8V incorporated a Type 104 V8 2.0 engine managed by a four-speed manual transmission combined with rear-wheel drive.
T echnical scheme
From the power of 110 hp with 146 Nm of torque, the engine was able to push the vehicle up to the maximum speed of 207 km / h with acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h in 10.5 seconds.
Unfortunately the car had bad commercial success due to the high price and many of the chassis produced were sold to famous coachbuilders who used them to make some of the most beautiful Italian sports cars ever made.
VIGNALE 8V CABRIOLET
Among the 114 Fiat 8Vs assembled 10 were set up by the Vignale coachbuilder in Turin and it was this that created a very particular model of the vehicle in 1953.
That year, in fact, a company customer applied for a convertible variant of the vehicle whose design resumed that of the coupe designed by Giovanni Michelotti.
Produced in a single model, the Vignale 8V Cabriolèt remains one of the few examples built in this configuration of the Italian sports car.
GHIA 8V SUPERSONIC
After the closure of the SVA of Pont-Saint-Martin the designer Giovanni Savonuzzi was contacted by Ghia in the mid-1950s to collaborate on the Supersonic project.
It involved building extremely aerodynamic aeronautical-inspired bodies to be applied to various sports cars, including the Fiat 8V.
Built in 15 specimens, it is considered one of the most beautiful interpretations of the Italian sports car and was sold to eminent personalities such as the US speedboat champion Lou Fageol.
PININFARINA 8V BERLINETTA SPECIALE
The most beautiful 8V ever made is perhaps the version build in a single copy by Battista Pinin Farina in 1955 for the then vice president of Fiat Giovanni Nasi.
Equipped with an upgraded Fiat Tipo 104 V8 2.0 engine to deliver 170 hp, the design is markedly inspired by that of the Ferrari 375 MM, again made by Pininfarina a year earlier.
The 8V could very well be elected in its various versions the most beautiful car ever built by Fiat, but perhaps my Ferrarist faith leads me to lean towards Pininfarina. And which do you prefer?
Thank you to Valentina Zanola and Alessandro Renesis for the cooperation