- Crash test

The consequences of accidents leave no one indifferent. Therefore, it is not surprising that, when constructing new models, all leading car factories have devoted special attention and time to the development of safety systems.

In parallel with the development of security systems, it became clear that it was necessary to establish an institution that would uniquely and impartially test the new protection afforded by cars and thus make a sort of ranking. As there was no legal regulation at first, each factory developed its own testing system. There were no clearly defined standards to assess the degree of safety of the car.

It was obvious that there was a need to organize an institute that would be sponsored by the governments of powerful countries and which would be the authority for all car factories. Only in this way could a more tangible improvement in security be achieved.

Such an institute, called EuroNCAP (The European New Car Assessment Programme), was founded in the early 1990s.

This institution has created a series of standard crash tests that can accurately determine the quality of a car. The important thing is that this organization tests all cars that enter the European Union market.

In the meantime, this institution has expanded its operations to most of the major car markets in the world. In addition to NCAP, rich countries have made their own institutes that use slightly different methodology, such as NHTSA (The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) and IIHS (The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety) in the US. We witness that the work of EuroNCAP- and increased passenger safety in cars from a horrendous level from two decades ago to the present state, in which there is virtually no unsafe car on the European market.

However, the introduction of the routine into safety testing has recently led to a worrying phenomenon. After finding the optimal materials, construction and electronic systems that meet the strictest testing criteria, the factories have clearly decided to find a way to save money.

How can this be concluded? Just look at the security tests that two US companies are doing. They test cars in a slightly different way from Euro NCAP. Most often, this is a changed angle of impact, or a strike zone.

In older cars, the chance of surviving a collision is minimal

The test results are devastating for some manufacturers, whose models have gone much worse in the US than in Europe. Obviously, the constructors made the cars to meet the tests in Europe, leaving the construction deliberately weaker in some different situations.

Does this mean that passengers in the latest cars are at risk and unsafe? Conditionally, they are not! New cars are getting safer and safer because they are being driven by increasingly stringent testing standards. If you have fastened and properly strapped your seat belt and properly positioned the head restraints, especially in the rear seats, the likelihood that you will survive a tragic incident is greater than ever.

If a car reaches a rating of three stars according to the latest EuroNCAp regulations, it is very safe for passengers in a collision. Specifically, one should carefully interpret what each of the cache test scores represents.

Let's say, the aforementioned EuroNCAP, when evaluating recently, has based much of its safety standard on serially embedded electronic systems in the base version of your car, but also on how unlucky pedestrians go when it strikes. So the safety of the passengers themselves in the new cars is, it can be concluded, very good, but the general aspect of the accident is still questionable with cheaper models.

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Also, EuroNCAP has justification for such poor results from other examiners in the fact that the test mode itself was set up to simulate the types of collisions that are the most frequent on Europe's roads, and that passengers are maximally safe in those cases.

Be careful with the seat belts!

Seat belts are essential for a person to survive a car accident. In the event that the seat belt is not tied, the consequences of the accident are doubled because the passenger body rests on the steering wheel, or the dashboard, at the moment the airbag deploys. When strapping, it is necessary to check that the lower and upper parts lie well with the body. If the belt is tied over a thick winter jacket, it is likely that the body will slip under the belt. It is recommended to remove excess wardrobe while driving.

Data from simulated collisions is obtained using special dolls that attach to the seat. These dolls are a faithful replica of human bodies with vertebral vertebrae, bones, even skin. Virtually all vital parts of the dummy are equipped with sensors that measure acceleration and deceleration during a collision.

For frontal crescent tests, a dummy is used that has forearms with fists placed on the steering wheel. Due to the complexity of the design and the numerous sensors, each doll costs over 100 thousand euros.

And finally, be reasonable! Always fasten your seat belt and drive carefully ! It doesn't matter if you are going to drive just a mile or a thousand miles because SEAT BELTS SAVES LIVES!

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