Let's talk about the SUPRA
In this article we see the story of the 5 generations of that the Japanese JDM icon, the Toyota supra
Gen 1 (A40)
The second-gen Celica, designed by Toyota's Calty Research Design studio in California, continued the momentum (of the first Celica compact sport coupe introduced for 1971). Its responsive four-cylinder engine struck an admirable balance between performance and efficiency, though Toyota saw more potential. For 1979, a longer-wheelbase version of the Liftback model with a 110-horsepower, 2.6-liter inline-six joined the line: the Celica Supra. The base price is $9,758. The first-gen model closed out its run for 1981 with a 116-hp 2.8-liter six.
Toyota Supra Mk1
Gen 2 (A60)
For its second generation in 1982, the Supra took a hard turn toward sporting GT. Based on the taut, angular Celica body that was also new that year, the longer-wheelbase "A60" Supra version carved out its own identity with an exclusive front-end design featuring pop-up headlights.
Under the hood, both used the 5M-GE DOHC 2.8-liter inline-six with 145 horsepower, which was on par with some domestic V8-powered sport coupes of the day. Transmission choices included a crisp-shifting five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic.
Toyota Supra Mk2
Gen 3 (A70)
The third-gen Supra design blended angular lines with softer edges in both coupe and new Sport Roof body styles, the latter with a lift-off roof panel to create a semi-convertible. The feature was not new to Toyota; its tiny 800 Sports model had one in 1964, before the Porsche 911 Targa made it more famous.
The luxurious A70 Supra brought more. The new DOHC 7M-GE 3.0-liter inline-six, with the first four-valve-per-cylinder configuration for a Supra, produced 200 horsepower and 196 lb.-ft. of torque. Five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmissions were again available.
Toyota Supra Mk3
Gen 4 (A80)
The fourth-gen Supra, offered in coupe and Sport Roof body styles, was based on a shorter version of the platform that also underpinned the Lexus SC coupe. Car & Driver called the robust foundation "as flex-free as a granite tombstone."
To achieve lofty performance goals set for the A80 Supra, Toyota focused on both weight reduction and increased power. At 3,450 pounds, the Turbo model weighed about 125 less than its predecessor, some of the savings coming from an aluminum hood, roof and bumper supports — and even hollow-fiber carpeting.
The all-new 2JZ inline-six engine, however, used an iron cylinder block rather than aluminum for the strength to handle a substantial increase in power over the previous Turbo model. In naturally aspirated form, it produced 220 hp and offered the choice of a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission.
Toyota Supra Mk4
Gen 5 (A90)
The 2020 Toyota Supra includes the turbo engine with automatic transmission. The rigid rear subframe, and the bracing that connects it to the body structure, helps ensure extremely precise wheel control. Toyota estimates the new sports car will accelerate from 0-60 m.p.h. in 4.1 seconds. Top track speed will be electronically limited to 155 m.p.h. Powered by a turbocharged inline six-cylinder engine, the 2020 Supra’s 3.0 liter twin-scroll turbo six will produce 335 hp and 365 lb ft of torque and will be teamed with a quick-shifting eight speed automatic transmission with paddle shifters. For precise handling, the new Supra features a variable assist and variable ratio sport-tuned electric power steering.
Toyota Supra Mk