The Ultimate car?
Mirror, Mirror on the wall… wHAT is the coolest 4x4 of them all? Robb Pritchard goes to greece to TEST the INSANE Korres P4
Robb Pritchard gets excited about driving a Cross-over… Not something you’ve ever read before but this car is far removed from a RAV4 or Freelander. So far, in fact, that after just 5 minutes in the passenger seat I can honestly say that it’s the most amazing off-road experience I’ve ever had in my life.
It looks like a gorgeous sportscar... but is also a rock-crawler!
The old concrete road surface is slippery, the seat belts are far too loose and not five point, which I think a car of this performance should have. And no helmet either. Nor body panels… 0-100km/h in 3.8 seconds is supercar territory but our test track is a public road in a suburb of Athens… and there is on-coming traffic. It all happens too quickly for my brain to keep up with. My arms flail about looking for something to grab hold of as in just a few seconds we are at 170 and need to cut the corner to get around it safely. But there's a car there. Dimitris has to steer out of the turn and we start to slide. The rocks to the side are big and sharp, the trees solid, and the other car is coming fast. Dimitris is an expert driver though, and knows this car inside out. He should. Not only does he know every single nut and bolt, he designed more than 10,000 individual parts for it! It also bares his name. This is the Korres P4.
An amazing amount of engineering went into this car.
But this is an off-road magazine so that’s enough about tarmac… I’ve been in a few cars with comparable performance and I’ve driven some pretty amazing off-roaders but no car that I can think of is so good both on AND off-road. The track up the hill was rough and rocky, better suited to goats and Land Rovers. 2nd low I would suppose, but… If you are a lover of cars and of motorsport you have seen Youtube videos of the Group B rallying days. Peugeot 205 T16s, Audi S1s etc. 3.8 seconds from 0-100 is what they did… and it's what the Korres can do. Off-Road. The 7L LS7 V8 out of a Corvette Z06 is mid-mounted and its 505bhp pushes us forward faster than I have ever accelerated before. Dimitris knows the track and knows he has to keep to the left before blind crest but I can’t help thinking that we are off-line and clipping a large rock will flip us over, and the lack of helmet and dodgy seat belts would sort out the rest. But the Korres takes it at over 120 with hardly a shudder.
Insane or genius... there is sometimes a thin line
But then the track ends and in front of us is a very steep outcrop of bare rock. Dimitris pushes a lever and there is a grinding noise like a broken gearbox. More shaking of the head in disbelief; the car is lifting itself up to get more ground clearance! Before getting loosely strapped in all I have seen of this car is a photo of it with a wheel perched high up on rock and have no idea what is about to happen… let alone the mechanics of how it is actually possible. Dimitris thinks that about 60cm is enough for what’s ahead but it can go up to a metre high! There is clearly something underneath that needs some serious investigation… especially as the car that just performed like a Ferrari on the road is now making a piece of cake of the rock crawl! It’s steep, about 45 degrees but even on standard road tyres there is no issue. We got straight up. I just can’t believe it. Over the top there is a sizeable rock, so big that I point it out as a good co-driver should… but Dimitris aimed right for it… and over we went. Seriously, a tricked up Land Rover would have struggled with that!
We bumped over the rough ground full of loose rocks and bushes unbelievably capably until we got back to the track again and then it was all flat out Dakar driving back to the workshop, with me holding desperately onto the roof as we drifted around the corners, back wheel hanging out over the drop. I was shaking like a leaf when I got out and also grinning from ear to ear… and then he said some amazing words. “Your turn next.” But first I wanted to find out how this car can do what it just did.
Amazing articulation. On a car that can out accelerate a Ferrari!
The project started with the engineering genius of Dimitris Korres. His day job is coming up with practical solutions to crazy engineering problems, such as working out how to move a thousand ton ancient carving up a mountain in Yemen. Bridges and buildings are also on his impressive CV and giving TED talks which puts him instantly into hero status for me. But cars are where his heart is. “One thing Greece has plenty of is bad roads,” he smiles. “I lost count of the number of cars that fell to pieces as I was trying to drive fast, so that was the first design parameter… and the most important aspect for that is suspension. The Citroen 2CV has a twisted suspension–like coil so when the front wheel lifts there is a reaction in the back wheel. I always liked that but think it worked the wrong way because the higher the suspension goes the stiffer it gets. I needed a system that worked in the opposite way, stiff for on road and soft for off. That wasn't an easy solution… but nothing is impossible.”
The first prototype was just a working platform to integrate the ideas in a working environment, the second, with a bike engine, was a great trials buggy but it wasn't until the previous incarnation, the P3, that the project started to be properly realised. This is the car on the Youtube video you can see not only climbing up the amphitheater steps but doing a three point turn on them. You cannot fail to be wide-eyed impressed by this... But the project is another four years on from that now…
“The P3 was good but showed us what parts needed to be redeveloped. For example we learned that the chassis could take a lot more power than the Nissan 350Z engine we had… but the transmission couldn't. So we started redesigning the gearbox.” Sounds simple, right? But as I listen to how he spent nearly 2 years learning about planetary geometry and what minuscule tolerances they had to incorporate I understand just how amazing the P4 is. The gearbox is very compact, just 18 cm long and doesn't just have high and low ratios but also a middle one for normal off-roading. The lowest gearing has a ratio of 1:5. “There are many people who say that they are experts but to find a real one who can take all of our crazy ideas and make them into reality inside an 18 cm box… it's a little bit like going on a quest to find a spiritual guru,” Dimitris smiles. “But our pilgrimage ended when we found Maktrak who truly is a master of cogs and shafts and now we have something wonderful!” It's a front-mounted transaxle, the same principle as the legendary Ford RS200.
How it works
The rear diff is also an engineering masterpiece. “The rear propshaft has to run next to the engine so inevitably the rear diff has to be offset but we needed to get the shafts the same length. We designed it so that the CV joints are actually inside the diff. We don’t know if anyone else has ever done this.”
“We also chose to make the chassis with plates rather than tubes because then you can get it much more accurate. By accurate I mean down to tenths of millimetres. Basically it's perfect.” Without body panels a lot of its inner workings are plainly visible, including the beefy front double wishbone assembly. “We started with 400 kg of high grade aluminium but machined it down to 40...”
But the main component that elevates the Korres from a cool car to an unbelievably amazing one is the suspension and it goes a lot further than just the bespoke, self-designed shocks made by Bilstein. The secret is the golden arm with a drop bar attached to the lower wishbone. For those not too mechanically minded, like myself, it seems either hocus-pokus or even or outright voodoo. “The front wheels are attached to the chassis via upper and lower wishbones and the rear wheels by trailing arms. The dampers are independent as on many vehicles. But the suspension is based on the principle of wheel interconnection between front left and right rear and vice-versa. The front to back is through a system of pushrods, rocker arms and levers with an elastic unit containing a spring, on either side of the vehicle. The diagonal connection is achieved through a system of pushrods and two torsion bars.”
Not a usual sight...
But there is more! The mechanical ride height variation system elevates the car, not only by a metre of ride height, but also into the realms of the barely conceivable!! “This works by a mechanical system that takes drive from the output shaft of the engine increases or decreases the length of the side elastic unit, therefore lowering or raising the height respectively. This is the mechanism we designed that makes the suspension stiff for on-road and soft when it is extended to flex-mode.”
And then there's the aesthetics. The body looks like a loose cross between a Lotus Elise and a DeLorean but was strangely one of the most complicated things to get right, a difficult compromise between form and function. Most of the work was done with a 1/3 scale wooden models and over 20 of them were made and discarded until the version you see now was arrived at, by way of the general consensus of racing drivers, engineers, professional car designers and even visual artists!
And then it’s my turn behind the wheel. My off-road background is green-laning and expeditions where ‘as fast as necessary, as slow as possible’ is the mantra. The P4 ethos however is ‘faster than you thought possible.’ “You can put your foot down,” Dimitris kept saying, but perhaps he has no idea just how far out of my depth I am drifting at 120km/h on rocks, ruts and the gravel. Also, the Korres is practically a work of art so it felt wrong just hammering it around just for fun.
Another Youtube video you must see is one where Tommy Makinen puts the P4 through its paces. “Absolutely incredible,” he stutters, almost speechless when he gets out. “I thought I had seen everything… but…” And after my drive I completely agree with him. I'm sure someone used to such speed and performance could give a much better report on just how good it is when pushed to the limits of its capabilities but the only thing I can say with any authority is “WOW!”